The harvest is in the seed

There are numerous quality information materials about seed sector sustainable development available out there. This wealth of knowledge addresses the entire array of the seed value chain. It can be used to strengthen the capacity along all steps of the seed value chain, for a more coordinated and effective seed sector development.

Every week, we highlight a specific initiative that is working towards strengthening knowledge about the seed sector in Africa via the publication of training material, guidelines, policy briefs, frameworks, datasets, videos, etc. The improved visibility of these initiatives will contribute to increase seed security, thus boosting the foundation of food security and livelihoods of Africa.

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22 Feb 2024
© CGIAR

Week 123 – Working Paper: Impact of the Ongoing Conflict on Smallholder Farmers in Sudan

Authors: by Oliver Kirui, Khalid Siddig, Mosab Ahmed, Hala Abushama, and Alemayehu Seyoum Taffesse
Keywords: Sudan, conflict, smallholders, seed delivery

“This study addresses the impact of the ongoing conflict in Sudan on smallholder farmers’ intentions and challenges during the 2023 summer agricultural season. A nationally representative survey of 3,284 smallholder farmers was conducted. Due to the security hazards and connectivity challenges, we used a combination of three interview types, Interactive Voice Recording (IVR), Computer-Assisted-Telephone-Interviews (CATI) and face-to-face (in-person) interviews. Key findings are that close to a third of the farmers were displaced from their farms’ locations and 40 percent were unable to prepare for planting season because of the conflict. Most of the farmers who did not prepare for the summer season at the time of the interview were not intending to plant later in the season.” […]

Click on the following link to access the content: https://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getfile/collection/p15738coll2/id/137064/filename/137277.pdf
© CGIAR

15 Feb 2024
© CGIAR

Week 122 – Discussion Paper: The role of gender in bargaining: Evidence for selling seed to smallholders in Uganda

Authors: Van Campenhout, Bjorn; Nabwire, Leocardia
Keywords: gender; seed policies; marketing; Uganda

“In rural societies with strong gender norms and customs, small informal agribusinesses may often be one of the few ways in which women can independently generate revenue. However, previous research has indicated that female run business may be perceived less favorably compared to their male counterparts. In this paper, we examine potential consequences of these
biased perceptions on business transactions.[…]”

Click on the following link to access the content: https://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getfile/collection/p15738coll2/id/137074/filename/137285.pdf

© CGIAR

08 Feb 2024
© CGIAR

Week 121 – Discussion Paper: Seed Certification and Maize, Rice and Cowpea Productivity in Nigeria

Authors: Hiroyuki Takeshima; Tahirou Abdoulaye; Kwaw S. Andam; Hyacinth O. Edeh; Adetunji Fasoranti; Beliyou Haile; P. Lava Kumar; Chibuzo Nwagboso; Catherine Ragasa; David Spielman; Tesfamichael Wossen
Keywords: seed policies; quality seeds; quality assurance; Nigeria

“Despite the potential importance of seed quality to agricultural productivity growth, many governments in sub-Saharan Africa lack the capacity to expand quality assurance systems even where there is expressed interest. This study aims to evidence the value of quality assurance systems with an analysis of efforts to produce and distribute certified seed in Nigeria. […]”

Click on the following link to access the content: https://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getfile/collection/p15738coll2/id/136474/filename/136684.pdf

© 2024 CGIAR

01 Feb 2024

Week 120 – Research Article: Gender dynamics in seed systems: Female makeover or male takeover of specialized sweetpotato seed production, in Lake Zone Tanzania?

Authors: McEwan, Margaret A.; Matui, Moses S.; Mayanja, Sam, Namanda; Ogero, Kwame
Keywords: gender; seed policies; quality seeds; sweetpotato

“Interest is growing for the development of inclusive seed production models. However, there is limited understanding of gender-based roles and constraints and how these might influence gender relations in seed production. Through a case study on sweetpotato seed production in Lake Zone Tanzania, this article examines men’s and women’s roles in seed production with the introduction of specialized seed practices and a commercial orientation. […]”

Click on the following link to access the content: https://ebrary.ifpri.org/digital/collection/p15738coll9/id/1226/rec/3

© 2024 Springer Nature

25 Jan 2024
© CIMMYT

Week 119 – Workshop Proceedings: Gender Dynamics in Seed Systems in Sub-Saharan Africa and Worldwide Lessons Workshop

Authors: Adam, R. I. and Muindi, P.
Keywords: gender; seed policies; quality seeds

“Seed is life. Seed systems are complex and multilayered, involving diverse interdisciplinary and inter-sectoral actors in multiple fronts, from seed conservation to multiplication; improved breeding; regulatory sanitary and phytosanitary measures (for safety and quality assurance); and distribution and sale. Seed systems are also highly dynamic,constantly forming and reforming. The gender challenge then is to first clearly understand how these dynamics affect women, youth, men and other marginalized groups, and then to ensure that these shifting dynamics and end-results do not however widen the gaps, especially by gender. Thus, the Gender Dynamics in Seed Systems in Sub-Saharan Africa and Worldwide Lessons Workshop was convened on 2nd December 2019 in Nairobi, Kenya, to examine this challenge, and how to address it. […]”

Click on the following link to access the content: https://repository.cimmyt.org/bitstream/handle/10883/20702/61357.pdf?sequence=6

© CIMMYT

18 Jan 2024
© CGIAR

Week 118 – Research article: Estimating seed demand in the presence of market frictions: evidence from an auction experiment in Nigeria

Authors: By T. Wossen, D.J. Spielman, A. Alene and T. Abdoulaye
Keywords: auctions; Nigeria; markets
“This paper measures the effect of seed quality misperceptions on bidding behavior and demand for high-quality seed using an information-provision experiment within an incentive-compatible Vickery Second Price (SPA) auction mechanism that mimics seed purchasing decisions in the presence of seed market frictions. We find that most individuals are prone to quality misperception and revise their bids upwards (downwards) in response to positive (negative) quality signals. In addition, by exploiting random variation in the timing of cash grants, we show that imperfect information influences farmer seed valuation, even in the presence of potentially binding liquidity constraints. We also demonstrate that the provision of quality information does not fully resolve quality misperceptions. We then show that unresolved or persistent misperception is severe enough to distort bidding behavior, and ignoring it could lead to biased willingness-to-pay estimates.” […]

Click on the following link to access the content: https://www.ifpri.org/publication/estimating-seed-demand-presence-market-frictions-evidence-auction-experiment-nigeria
© CGIAR

11 Jan 2024
© CGIAR, MSU

Week 117 – Data set: Making Seed Systems and Markets for Vegetatively Propagated Crops (VPCs) Work for the Poor: A Cross-Country Study of Kenya, Nigeria, and Vietnam

Authors: IFPRI, CIAT, CIP, IITA, MSU
Keywords: vegetative propagation; Kenya; Nigeria; markets

“Many developing-country farmers cultivating vegetatively propagated crops (VPCs)—crops such as cassava, potato, sweetpotato, and yam—face constrained access to quality planting material. This challenge is distinct from the challenges facing cereal crops, and is associated with both the unique biological and economic nature of vegetative propagation. Although technological solutions exist, there are other limiting factors relating to policies, institutions, and markets that shape VPC seed systems, e.g., quality assurance mechanisms, certification regulations, sanitary and phytosanitary standards, and plant variety protection.” […]

Click on the following link to access the content: https://www.ifpri.org/publication/making-seed-systems-and-markets-vegetatively-propagated-crops-vpcs-work-poor-cross
© CGIAR, MSU

04 Jan 2024
© CGIAR

Week 116 – Conference Paper: Summing the parts: How does “bundling” affect willingness-to-pay for seeds and insurance in a sample of Kenyan farmers?

Authors: IFPRI, Berber Kramer, Carol Waweru and Jonathan G. Malacarne
Keywords: market; seed policies; institutional building; Kenya

“Agricultural households, particularly those operating in rainfed systems in low income countries, are vulnerable to a variety of climate and market risks that pose serious threats to their well-being. While more resourced households are able to pass much of this risk on to financial markets, less resourced households often have few options to do the same.” […]

Click on the following link to access the content: https://www.ifpri.org/publication/summing-parts-how-does-%E2%80%9Cbundling%E2%80%9D-affect-willingness-pay-seeds-and-insurance-sample

© CGIAR

28 Dec 2023
© 2024 Springer Nature

Week 115 – Litterature Review: Gender dynamics in seed systems: an integrative review of seed promotion interventions in Africa

Authors: Berber Kramer & Carly Trachtman, Springer Nature
Keywords: gender; seed policies; quality seeds

“Gender gaps in adoption of high-quality seeds of improved varieties persist in Sub-Saharan Africa, despite the implementation of various seed promotion interventions aimed at increasing adoption among all farmers. This paper reviews existing literature on common seed promotion interventions in Sub-Saharan Africa (including subsidies, financial services, quality certification schemes, and agricultural extension) and asks to what extent these interventions serve women farmers as much as men farmers.[…]”

Click on the following link to access the content: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12571-023-01403-2#:~:text=In%20terms%20of%20overall%20findings,and%20can%20improve%20women’s%20livelihoods.

© 2024 Springer Nature

21 Dec 2023
©IFPRI

Week 114 – Discussion Paper: Mapping the design and implementation of seed sector regulation: The case of Uganda

Authors: IFPRI, Katrin Kuhlmann, Adron Naggayi Nalinya, Tara Francis and David J. Spielman, 2023
Keywords: Seed policy, regulation, enabling environment

An enabling environment with clear, inclusive, and transparent seed laws, policies, regulations, and guidelines is the foundation for an efficient and effective seed sector. If well designed and implemented, the legal and regulatory framework can facilitate market diversification, supervision and quality control of seed and other forms of planting material, promotion of private sector participation, farmer access to improved seed varieties, reduced barriers for the movement of seeds across borders, and food security.

Click on the following link to access the content: https://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getfile/collection/p15738coll2/id/136948/filename/137158.pdf
©IFPRI