Authors: AFD, Terre solidaire, PAGEN; 2020
Keywords: Burkina Faso; integrated seed system; governance

In Africa in general and in West Africa in particular, there are two main seed systems that coexist: the formal system and the informal system.

The formal seed system is driven by a chain of actors who intervene at different levels: upstream, we have the seed companies to which the agricultural research institutes are sometimes subservient, then we find the public authorities who regulate the system; downstream, at the end of the chain are the user farmers. The informal system is, for its part, almost exclusively supported by the peasants. In West Africa, the majority of the seeds used (estimates put the proportion at around 80 to 90%) are produced by farmers and distributed according to the so-called informal system.

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