Authors: Katrin Kuhlmann, 2015
Key words: Legislation, regional harmonization

Throughout sub-Saharan Africa, regional harmonization holds great promise for linking markets and achieving economies of scale, opening up opportunities along value chains and improving livelihoods across sectors, including agriculture.

Legal and regulatory reform is a significant component of regional harmonization, and the rules and standards created by Africa’s regional economic communities (RECs) are providing an increasingly comprehensive framework for development of the seed sector. Harmonized regulation of seeds and other inputs has been an area of focus across Africa’s regional economic communities, and this paper provides a comparative assessment of the progress, opportunities, and remaining challenges within the most significant regional seed harmonization initiatives.

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